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National Commission for Women

National Commission for Women is a statutory body set up in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (NCW Act) to review the Constitutional and legal safeguards for women; recommend remedial legislative measures, facilitate redressal of grievances and advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women. The first Chairperson of the Commission was Jayanti Patnaik (3-2-1992 to 30-1-1995). The present Chairperson of the Commission is Lalitha Kumaramangalam since 29-9-2014.

Constitution of the Commission
The Constitution of the National Commission for Women has been provided under section 3 of the NCW Act. According to it the Commission shall consist of
a.      A Chairperson, committed to the cause of women - To be nominated by the Central Government.
b.      5 Members - To be nominated by the Central Government from amongst persons of ability, integrity and standing who have had experience in law or legislation, trade unionism, management of an industry potential of women, women's voluntary organisations (including women activist), administration, economic development, health, education or social welfare;       Provided that at least 1 Member each shall be from amongst persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes respectively;

c.       a Member-Secretary - To be nominated by the Central Government who shall be :-
i.              an expert in the field of management, organisational structure or sociological movement, or
ii.            an officer who is a member of a civil service of the Union or of an all-India service or holds a 
         civil post under the Union with appropriate experience

Functions of the Commission
Some of the important functions of the NCW are:

1. To investigate and examine all matters relating to the safeguards provided for women under the Constitution and other laws.

2. To take up cases of violation of the provisions relating to women with the appropriate authorities.

3. To look into complaints and take suo moto notice of matters relating to deprivation of women's rights and non-implementation of laws and policies relating to the women.

4. To participate and advice on the planning process of socio-economic development of women.

5. To make periodical reports to the Government on any matter pertaining to women.

The Commission also publishes a monthly newsletter Rashtra Mahila both in Hindi and English.

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